KNOPPIX 7.2.0 / ADRIANE 1.5 - Live CD / DVDKnopper.Net Consulting


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Knoppix 7.2.0 / ADRIANE 1.5 Release

[knoppix bootscreen][knoppix booting][knoppix desktop]

26.06.2013: What happened to Version 7.1?
Knoppix 7.1 was released for the annual Linux Magazine CeBIT edition with some add-ons which are not usually installed because of their non-free licenses. A public release was planned shortly after, but as things developed, there were far too many new and exciting developments and updates pending, such as an early EFI edition of the syslinux bootloader, two more kernel generations with improved hardware support, translations and improvements for the blind-friendly ADRIANE desktop included in Knoppix, to make the proposed release schedule. New things need testing, and so, we are just ready now for a first release of - now - version 7.2 for public testing. Apologies to all who waited for an unexpected long time for the 7.1. public relese, which is now superseded by version 7.2.

Contents

  • Version 7.2.0 of Knoppix is based on the usual picks from Debian stable (wheezy) and newer Desktop packages from Debian/testing and Debian/unstable (jessie). It uses kernel 3.9.6 and xorg 7.7 (core 1.12.4) for supporting current computer hardware.
  • Optional 64-bit Kernel via boot option "knoppix64", supporting systems with more than 4GB of RAM and chroot to 64-bit installations for system rescue tasks (DVD version only).
  • LibreOffice 4.0.3,
  • Gimp 2.8,
  • Chromium 27.0.1453.110 and Firefox/Iceweasel 21.0 Web Browser with AdBlockPlus 2.2.4 and NoScript 2.6.6.1,
  • LXDE (Default) with filemanager PCMANFM 1.1, KDE 4.8.4 (boot option knoppix desktop=kde, DVD version only), GNOME 3.4.2 (boot option knoppix desktop=gnome, DVD version only).
  • Wine version 1.5 for integration of Windows (TM) based programs.
  • Virtualbox version 4.2.10 (DVD version only) and qemu-kvm 1.5.0 for (para-)virtualization.
  • Linux Kernel 3.9.6 with cloop and aufs and additional preliminary support for newer Atheros network cards, which are not included in the mainstream kernel yet (Modelle 1969:1091 - AR8161 Gigabit Ethernet, 1969:1090 - AR8162 Fast Ethernet, 1969:10A1 - AR8171 Gigabit Ethernet, 1969:10A0 - AR8172 Fast Ethernet).
  • Optional integration of the Tor network for anonymously surfing the web (DVD version only).
  • Easy Desktop-Export via VNC and RDP for Remote Desktop Viewing under Linux und Windows (especially interesting for teachers),
  • New version of the elinks text web browser, Templates for mail configuration with mutt and keyboard mailing program KARL in ADRIANE Audio-Desktop,
  • Experimental support for UEFI-Boot (DVD: 32 and 64bit, CD: only 32bit) after installation on USB flash disk.

-> DVD (~3500 software packages, over 9GB uncompressed, cloop-compressed to 4GB), -> CD (~1000 software packages, over 2GB uncompressed, cloop-compressed to 700MB).

ADRIANE

[Penguin with sunglasses]

A.D.R.I.A.N.E. (Audio Desktop Reference Implementation And Networking Environment) is a talking menu system, which is supposed to make work and internet access easier for computer beginners, even if they have no sight contact to the computers monitor. A graphical environment with also talking programs and arbitrary magnification using compiz-fusion, is another option.

Booting from Flash

[Picture of a SD-flashdisk]

In order to create a bootable USB-medium (memory flashdisk, SD-card, digital camera with USB connector, cellphone with microSD, ...), the program flash-knoppix can be started from a running Knoppix system. This program installs all needed Knoppix files onto the FAT-formatted flashdisk, and creates a boot record for it. If desired, the target medium can be partitioned and fornatted, or left in its inistal state, so that existing files stay intact. The KNOPPIX Live System starts and runs about factor 5 faster from USB flash disk than from CD or DVD!

After having copied the system to flash, using the persistent Knoppix image (overlay feature), it is possible to also store files permanently in live mode. That way, personal settings and additionally installed programs survive a reboot.

Boot options and controls

Overview of the most important functions. A complete description and listing of shortcuts can be found in the configurations of sbl, orca and compiz-fusion.

Boot options (can be entered in the startup screen)


adriane     Start ADRIANE with talking text desktop

knoppix     Start KNOPPIX with graphical environment

knoppix64   Same as above, with 64-bit kernel (DVD version only)

knoppix/adriane acpi=off noapic nolapic pci=bios ...
            problem solvers, if computer doesn't start

knoppix testcd  Check CD for errors

knoppix tohd=/dev/hda1    Copy CD content to harddisk
            (hda1 or sda1, 1st partition on 1st IDE/SATA harddisk)
	    and start from there (free CD-rom drive)

knoppix toram             Load CD content to memory and start
            from there (free CD-rom drive)

ADRIANE navigation in text mode


CapsLock + space              read current line
CapsLock + arrow up           read previous line
CapsLock + arrow down         read next line
CapsLock + pageup             read from beginning of page to current position
CapsLock + pagedown           read from here to end of page
CapsLock + arrow left/right   spell charwise

Navigation with compiz and orca in graphics mode


Super + mouse wheel                 Set/scale magnification
Super + l                           Lock or release magnification area
Super + m                           small mouse lens
mouse to upper right corner         window overview
CapsLock + space                    start orca preferences

Super = penguin- or "window"-key left

Micro-Remastering

Boot options like "adriane" can easily be preset by changing syslinux.cfg after having copied the CD to a bootable memorystick using "flash-knoppix":

Change the upper line

DEFAULT knoppix

to:

DEFAULT adriane

for automatically starting ADRIANE on boot. This is already default in all ADRIANE iso files.

Availability

KNOPPIX 7.2.0 / ADRIANE 1.5 beta is available for download from the usual KNOPPIX mirror sites and via Bittorrent.



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